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A Beginner’s Guide to Helping You Become a Chess Master


A Beginner’s Guide to Helping You Become a Chess Master

A Beginner’s Guide to Helping You Become a Chess Master

Originating in India and spreading to Persia, then the Middle East, and finally Europe, chess is a game that has been around for centuries. Europeans probably learned about chess from one of their visits to the Middle East or from trade with the Eastern Romans.

Here’s what we know about its evolution: Originally called “chaturanga”, chess was played on an 8×8 board, where the pieces could only move in straight lines (horizontal or vertical). Around AD 600, chaturanga arrived in Persia and was renamed “shatranj”. Shatranj pieces can also be moved diagonally as well as horizontally or vertically, which makes the game more interesting than its ancestors.

Photo by Wander Fleur on Unsplash

The game of chess as we know it today evolved from shatranj and has remained relatively unchanged for the past thousand years or so. So if you’re just starting out, you can rest assured that the ground rules have been around for a long time and won’t be changing anytime soon! Now that you know a bit about the history of chess, let’s move on to learning how to play chess.


To understand the fundamentals of chess, let’s start by understanding the pieces. The board on which the pieces move is a grid with eight vertical and horizontal squares. The two interchangeable colors, most commonly black and white, determine how some pieces move (like the bishop).

There are two equal sets of pieces, each set containing eight pieces, two rooks, knights and bishops, and one kind and queen. These pieces are different in size and shape, so it is easy to tell them apart. Also, some players like to use a clock to time each player’s moves. This prevents either player from spending too much time thinking about their next move.

Professional chess players sometimes play “lightning chess,” where each player has only a few minutes to complete all the moves.

object of the game

The goal of the game is to put the opponent’s king in checkmate, which means that the opponent has nothing to do without letting his piece be knocked down by his own. Playing chess requires strategic planning, predictive assumptions, and good intuition, but it offers many rewards (besides winning). Three ways to achieve checkmate:

1) Trap the king so he can’t move.

2) By placing the king where he will be captured next.

3) By forcing the king to move to a position where it will be checkmate on the next move.

Types of chess pieces

There are six different pieces, each with its own unique way of moving

  • The king is the most important piece, but can only move one square at a time, but can move in any direction. The only exception to this rule is that the king cannot enter the check (which we will explain later).
  • The queen is the most powerful piece, it can move vertically, horizontally or diagonally, similar to the bishop (no square limit per move), and can move in two colors.
  • The car moves in a straight line (forward, backward, left or right), regardless of the number of fields that can be passed through a move.
  • The bishop can move diagonally and only through the square of the color it is in.
  • The knight is the only piece that can “jump over” other pieces, it can move two squares in one direction and one square to the side. The rider can move forward, backward or sideways.
  • The pawn is the weakest piece and can only move one square at a time. The exception to this rule is that pawns may move two squares on their first move. Pieces can only move forward, but they capture other pieces by moving diagonally.

how the game works

A game of chess is usually played between two people, but some variations involve more than two players. Each player has their own pawn color (traditionally white and black), and the game starts with 16 pawns per player. Games can also be played online, and there are even chess computers that can play against humans.

The game begins with each player taking the first step. The player with the white pawn always moves first, and then the players take turns. Players can only move one piece per turn, except for pieces that can move two squares in the first round.

Players continue to take turns until one player checks the other player’s king. As we mentioned earlier, checkmate happens when the king is attacked and cannot escape.

Photo by Dario Mingarelli on Unsplash

Playing chess is a great mental exercise, and you may need time to learn the basics. However, once you get the hang of it, playing chess has many benefits: better memory, better problem solving, and higher strategic thinking skills. You can even play against other players from all over the world online!

Chess also provides opportunities for socializing – you can make some new friends online or while playing chess in person. With all these benefits at your fingertips (and no downsides), why not give this game a try?

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